sábado, 1 de abril de 2017

FASCIN8ED with NUMB3RS

  FASCIN8ED WITH NUMBERS


We live surrounded by numbers: your house/flat number,
                                           Your car/motorbike registration number,
                                           Your date of birth,(loss)/imp. meeting
                                             your phone number,
                                              your passport nº,
                                               your identity card number,
                                              your Social Security number 
                                               school, class / number
                                          your favourite/magic number
                                           your weight /height.
                                                your allowance/savings.
                                             
WE have REAL versus IMAGINARY numbers; POSITIVE v. NEGATIVE numbers, RATIONAL v. IRRATIONAL numbers; CARDINAL and ORDINAL numbers;

Historically we have had Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek, Roman and Arabic number systems. Each number may even have a different slang name. For instance:
                  Number 2 is one little duck
                 Number 8 is the garden gate
                Number 22 is two little ducks
              Number 88 is two fat ladies

SEE IF YOU CAN TELL HOW MANY for each number from 1 to   x:

0 from HERO to ….    
1-track-mind; - call away;
2-a tale of ….cities;Diversity
3-  Trinity;holes in a ten-pin bowling ball; tenors. Harmony.
4-Strings on a violin, Beatles; Evangelists;Seasons; Perfection.
5-Wounds of Christ;Prevailing number in Nature and Art.Senses.
6-Strings on a Spanish guitar, Justice;…feet under.
7-capital sins, sages from Greece, spikes on the statue of Liberty´s crown; wonders of the world; musical notes;planets; dwarves...
8- Bits in a byte; legs on a spider
9- Cats have ….lives; Symphonies by Beethoven; Muses;..to 5
10- Downing Street; legs on a lobster; commandments, c.c.
11- seven-…..;ocean´s…..;11/Sept
12- tribes of Israel, Apostles, months, trees at Plaza Cavana
13-witches in a coven;
14- lines in a sonnet;
15-Decisive world battles from Marathon to Waterloo;years old(my love)
16- sweet, candles, tones; string Jack.; school-leaving age.F-16
17-SVT; Heaven……;Learning to drive
18- wheeler: a trucker; coming of age;F-18
19-days and 500 nights (J.Sabina); minutes
20- love poems and a desperate song(P. Neruda)
21- Pilots; grammes;
22- Catch….;
23- Feb.;pairs of chromosomes; first prime made up by two prime numbers
24- hours; St John
25- Silver wedding
26- Saint Anne; St. Stephen
27- Books in the New Testament; age at which famous singers died.
28-days in Feb.
29-Palm trees on the Balcony of Europe
30- Average age British males get married
31-days in January, March, May, July, August, October and December
33- human teeth; Christ´s age at Crucifixion;
34- cousins you might have
36- º degrees average human body  temperature
39- Books in the Old Testament; Steps
40- Thieves; Crisis; UB-40
41-steps at this high school
42- Sex position
43- Liquor
49- the crying lot of…….
50 stars in the American flag; c.c.
52 kilometres from Málaga to Nerja; B-52
55 days in Peking
57 teachers at this high school
60 seconds/ minutes
63 dots in the Braille alphabet.
64 squares on a chessboard; When I´m………..;
65 retirement  age
66- Route
69- Position
70- steps from the basement to the tower  ; heartbeats per minute
80 Round the world in … days;
88 keys on a standard piano
90 Angle
97 kilometres from Granada to Nerja; Number I was given at boarding school
99- Steps;-rule.
100 years of solitude; pence in a pound; cents in a euro/dollar.
101 dalmatians
103 liquor
125 c.c.
168 hours in a week
180 half a circumference
199 steps
220 entries in my blog so far
250 grammes in a quarter of a kilogramme
291 kilometre at which Nerja is on the N-340
300 people killed at the Madrid bombings 11th March 2004
340 National road
350 a former citroen car
360 º radius
365 days a year( on average)
451 Fahrenheit
500 miles
501 brandy
507 box
666 the devil
700 students at our high school
707 plane
720 breaths per hour
747 another plane
1000 days in Venice / kilos in a ton/ windows at the Spanish Royal Palace
1001 nights
1024 bytes in a kilobyte
1066 Norman Conquest
1500 a seat car
1609 metres in a mile
1792 steps to the top of the Eiffel Tower
1880 nougat
1984 (Novel)
3000 casualties at the World Trade Center on 11th Sept 2001
3165 inhabitants in Frigiliana
6500 windows in the Empire State Building
9000 mobile phones stolen in the U.K. every month
22000 inhabitants in Nerja( four times as many in the summer)
1000000- suns; dollar baby.
55000000 olive trees in Jaén province

(my mind is growing number and number)

................................................................................

What are the following numbers?

007          016            091          062          902       111           999 
092         112              

domingo, 26 de febrero de 2017

Our In-depth IGNORANCE

IN-DEPTH IGNORANCE: ODD-MAN(one)-IN

Despite having the whole store of human knowledge just a mouse-click away today we are all nearly as ignorant as we were in the dark times of religious superstitions. The power of ignorance is great… (Stephen Fry)( Donald Trump´s success and Brexit are clear examples) We don´t know a millionth of one per cent about anything. (Thomas.A. Edison)
By ignorance the truth is known (Henry Suso The little book of truth) Everything you think you know may be wrong ( The book of general ignorance John Lloyd & John Mitchinson)Where ignorance is bliss ´tis folly to be wise (English proverb) Ignorance might make you happier as the more you know the more you realise how little you  actually know....

"ipse se nihil scire id unum sciat"

"I know one thing; that I know nothing" Socrates


Cuando creía que comprendía todo empecé a entender que no sabía nada, fue entonces cuando comencé realmente a comprender algo . . .



Nekovidal


A deeper knowledge of the world around us is quite necessary as our globalized world has become richer and more complex. There was a time when we simply ordered potatoes or rice and we could not care the least about the varieties of potatoes or rice being served. We have learned and are still learning to value subtlety, varieties and nuances of any given item.

See if you can guess what the following varieties of items refer to:

ADMIRAL, GOLDEN WONDER, JERSEY ROYAL, KING EDWARD, MARIS PIPER, SPUNTA

PARSON BROWN, WASHINGTON NAVEL, SEVILLE, JAFFA, TANGERINE

BACON, HASS, LAMBHASS, REES, STRONG, 

WILD, LONG/ MEDIUM /SHORT GRAIN, JASMINE, BASMATI

LAXTON´S SUPERB, ROME BEAUTY, YORK IMPERIAL,BRAMLEY, COX´S ORANGE PIPPIN, FUJI,

STARKING, GOLDEN, GRANNY SMITH.

RIESLING, ALMERIA, SYRAH, ZINFANDEL, MUSCAT

RING OF FIRE, BIRD´S EYE, SCOTCH BONNET, HUNGARIAN HOT WAX,  JALAPEÑO

BLEWITS, CHESTNUT, OYSTER, SHITAKE, WHITE CAP, AMANITA.

OX´S HEART, GREEN ZEBRA, LIBERTY BELLE, PLUM, RED ALERT, CHERRY.

WOK BROCC, BORDEAUX,CLARET, PURPLE SPROUTING, WHITE SPROUTING

BUTTERCRUNCH, LITTLE GEM,LIZZIE, SALADIN, COS, ICEBERG, CURLY.

DAMSON, GREEN GAGE,VICTORIA, CLAUDIA, LAXTON´S CROPPER,DROOPER.

DERBY DAY, SPRING HERO, WONG BOK, TATSOI, SAVOY,

 RED JEWEL, LOMBARD,BLACK BEAUTY, LONG PURPLE, MINI FINGER, VIOLETTA DE FIRENZA,ALMAGRO, WHITE from MALLORCA

RED ACE, BOLTHARDY, CARILLON, CRIMSON GLOBE, EGYPTIAN TURNIP ROOTED,DETROIT, REDPACK,


 CROSBYDUTCH, MUNCHER, SLICE KING, PICKLING, TOKYO SLICER, BURPLESS TASTY GREEN, KIRBY.

(Cukes)

SPRING, RED BARON,  PEARL PICKLER, DOBIES ALL ROUNDER, MARSHALL´S GIANT FENGLOBE.

METEOR, HISTON MINI,  KELVEDON WONDER,  LITTLE MARVEL,  FELTHAM FIRST.

LONG RED SURREY, REGULUS IMPERIAL, AMSTERDAM FORCING, FIGARO, MORÁ(PURPLE).NOISETTE,

 BEDFORD FILLBASKET, BRILLIANT, CAMBRIDGE N.5, HALF TALL, (BRUSSELS)

MORELLO, MARASCHINO, NAPOLEON, BLACK TARTARIAN, BLACK REPUBLIC.

WHITE GEM, TENDER AND TRUE, HALF LONG GUERNSEY, GLADIATOR(Parsnips)

LISBON, MEYER, SICILIAN, ESCONDIDO, BABOON.GOLDEN BEAUTY, 

CANARY, LADY FINGER, GREEN, RED , CAVENDISH.STAR RUBY, RUBY RED, MARSH, DUNCAN, BURGUNDY.(gr……….

LEMON-FLAVOURED, ANJOU, BARTLETT, CONFERENCE, LOUISE BONNE DE JERSEYBROWN,

 DEMERARA, ICING, CASTOR, BEETROOT, CANE.

MALLARD,MUSCOVY, CRESTED, POMERANIAN, ROUEN, WELSH HARLEQUIN.

MEDJOOL,DEGLET NOUR, HALAWY, THOORY,ZAHIDI.

CANINE,DAMASCENE,GOLDEN CELEBRATION, MR.LINCOLN, DON JUAN…

BALSAMIC, MODENA, CIDER, RICE, SHERRY, WHITE/ RED

MANHATTAN, DAIQUIRI, MOJITO, BLOODY MARY, ANITA, SAN FRANCISCO.

ACORN, BUTTERNUT, BUTTERCUP, HUBBARD, SWEET DUMPLING,(varieties of p…… or s…..)

PURE, REFINED, VIRGIN, EXTRA VIRGIN.

FLORAL, CITRUS, FRUITY, GREEN, ORIENTAL , SPICY, WOODY.

STILTON, WESLEYDALE, EDAM, CAMEMBERT, GRUYERE, CHEDDAR, BRIE.

ALMOND, ROUND, DROOPY, ASIAN, HOODED.

ROMAN, GREEK, SNUB, HAWK , BROAD, NORDIC, UPTURNED, POINTED

COLONIAL, VICTORIAN, MODERN, ECLECTIC, NEO-ECLECTIC.

YAGÉ= AYAHUASCA, BURUNDANGA, ROHYPNOL,HEMP, MANDRÁGORA…

UTE, PAIUTE, SHOSHONE, PUEBLO, SIOUX, CHEYENNE,CHEROKEE,OJIBWA, SHAWNEE

STRATUS, NIMBOSTRATUS, CIRRUS, STRATOCUMULUS, CUMULONIMBUS..

SPIRULINA, WAKAME, KELP, PALMARIA, SARGASSUM, POSTELSIA,PORPHYRA,.

.EUSTACHI, VALSALVA, BARTOLINI, FALLOPIAN, GOLGI, GALVANI, FERMI. 

FRANGIPANI FLOWER, GARDENIA, PATCHOULI, MUSK, AMBER, FREESIA.

 BERGAMOT, CEDAR, SANDALWOOD, VANILLA, HONEYSUCKLE, IRIS. 

BURN, MUNSTER,POWERADE, TAURIN, RED BULL. 

 DKNY, NYC, KYLIE JENNER, LÓREAL, MAYBELINE, C H, C D,..

AMOXICILIN,STREPTOMYCIN, ERYTHROMYCIN,PENICILLIN,.,,

 STRAW, RASP, BLUE, BIL,BLEA,WHORTLE, HUCKLE, HURTLE, MYRTLE,TRACKLE, CRAN..

CHEST, WAL, PEA, BUTTER,BRAZIL, COCO, PINE, GROUND , EARTH, MANILA, MONKEY, ALMOND.

ICE, SLUSH, CRUST, SLEET, HAIL, FLAKES, POWDER. 

AURORA SUPERNOVA RED/ BLUE  /WHITE DWARF  NOVA.  

SOMERSET MAUGHAN, WINSTON CHURCHILL, ISAAC NEWTON, LEWIS CARROLL, CHARLES DARWIN.

RONALD HUBBARD, JOSEPH SMITH, MARY BAKER EDDY, ELIZABETH B. WHITE, MOTHER ANN LEE.

ELVIS PRESLEY, CHARLES CHAPLIN, GROUCHO MARX, BING CROSBY, MARC BOLAN.

JERSEY, IBERIAN, BERKSHIRE, LARGE B BLACK DEVON, WESSEX SADDLEBACK.

BRIXTON, HOLLOWAY, SAN QUENTIN , ALCATRAZ, SPANDAU, STRANGEWAYS, DARTMOOR.

 PACELLI, RONCALLI, MONTINI,LUCIANI,WOJTYLA, RATZINGER, BERGOGLIO.

HEATH, MAJOR, THATCHER, WILSON, CALLAGHAN, CHURCHILL, CAMERON, MAY.

VESUBIUS, STROMBOLI, MAUNA LOA, TEIDE, ETNA.

miércoles, 1 de febrero de 2017

Round the world in 80-odd dishy dishes

If we start in SPAIN which region/autonomous communities do these dishes come from?:

PAELLA 

LACON CON GRELOS

PULPO A FEIRA

 BIENMESABE  (Sweet or Savoury)

SALMOREJO 

REMOJÓN 

DUELOS Y QUEBRANTOS 

PISTO 

HORNAZO  (Sweet or Savoury)

 BUÑUELOS

BUTIFARRA 

MOSTACHÓN 

BORRACHOS

BORRACHUELOS

JAPUTA/ MOJAMA

GAÑOTES  

TOCINO DE CIELO 

YEMAS DEL TAJO/DE STA.TERESA

 PESTIÑOS 

BARQUILLOS  

PAN DE ACEITE 

BOLLO DE LECHE 

CUBILETE  

TORTA DE SANTIAGO/DE CHICHARRONES / DE ALGARROBO  

TORTITA DE CAMARONES

AMARGUILLO

 FABADA 

GAZPACHO 

COCIDO / PUCHERO

ARROPÍA

 MIGAS

 RESOLÍ 

SOBRASADA 

ENSAIMADA

ESPETOS

SQUID/ CALAMARI SANDWICH

 CHOCOLATE CON CHURROS / TEJERINGOS  

AJOBLANCO 

 AJOBACALAO  

GURUMELOS 

TAGARNINAS

MOJO PICÓN 

PAPAS ARRUGÁS / PAPAS A LO POBRE


A well-known dish such as COUSCOUS may come from several countries in North Africa with small variations in each particular country: Algerian, Tunisian or Moroccan.


CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE COUNTRY FROM WHICH EACH OF THE FOLLOWING MEALS ORIGINATED?:


FISH & CHIPS, ROAST BEEF & YORKSHIRE PUDDING  BANGERS&MASH

CREPES, CROISSANT, POT-AU-FEU. PATES , FONDUE,

 MOULES-FRITES

 ZONI, MISSO SOUP, SUSHI 

CURRYWURST, SAUERKRAUTEN  

BIRD´S NEST SOUP, DIM SUM,SWEET & SOUR PORK, PEKING DUCK, CHOP SUEY

 WIENER SCHNITZEL 

CHICKEN TIKKA,  CTM, BIRYANI

 BURGER& FRIES , HOT DOGS 

 IRISH STEW  

HAGGIS , SHORTBREAD

 WELSH RAREBIT  

CEVICHE , LOCRO 

FEIJOADA, RODIZIO,PICANHA 

FRÍJOLES, ROPA VIEJA, MOROS & CRISTIANOS

 ASADO(BARBECUE GRILLED MEAT) CHIMBOTE

BANDEJA PAISA, AREPA, ALMOJÁBANAS

 HUMMUS, FALAFEL (I.)

CHICKEN FEET (H.K.) 

SANCOCHO (D.R.)

 SHOWARMA, DONER KHEBAB (T, UAE)

 FUL MEDAMES (E.) 

GOULASH (H.)

 KABULI PULAO (Af) 

 BACALHAU (P.) 

KIBBEH (Leb & Sy) 

AVOCADO CONDENSED MILK SHAKE (Bu.) 

SKARA,PLAKIYA,PILAF, SIRENE, SMETANA(Bul.) 

ACKEE& SALTFISH (Jam.)

 BULGOGI (S. K.)  

BOBOTIC (S.A.)

TOM YUM , T. CHICKEN NOODLES(Th.) 

COO COO & FLYING FISH (Bar.) 

CHELO KEBAB (Ir.)

 KLEFTIKO, FASOLADA, MOUSSAKA  

BORSCHT, PIROZHKI, KOULIBIAC , PELMENI, KATLETI (R)

TAGINE  RFISA (M.)

SMORGASBORD 

POUTINE (Ca.) 

TACOS, NACHOS, JALAPEÑOS, CHILI con CARNE,

POLENTA, RISSOTTO,PASTA, CALZONE, CIABATTA, MOZZARELLA 

POOR MAN´S CAVIAR (Rom)

SVÏCKOVÄ, KNEDLO VEPRO ZELO (Cz R.)

KALLALAATIKO(Fin.) 

GOGEL-MOGEL (Ukr) 

EEL SOUP (Hol) 

 LAMINGTON, DIM SUM , MEAT PIE(Aus.) 

FÄR-I-KÄL (Nor)





domingo, 1 de enero de 2017

WITHOUT= sin ; with = con , out= ex


WITHOUT is a Preposition usually followed by a noun which means not having, not with, lacking, free from, a- an-.
Exs: You can´t buy things without money
        Do you ever travel without a ticket?
        The rumour was without foundation
        He was working without any hope of reward
        You went out without a hat  (oaldce).

WITHOUT is followed by -ing forms:
Exs: He can´t speak English without making mistakes
        You can´t make an omelette without breaking the eggs
        Can you do it without his knowing?
        He passed without seeing me  Cfr, He passed without my seeing him
        He left without so much as saying that he was sorry!/ thank you! (OALDCE).

WITHOUT has an old use related to WITHIN, meaning OUTSIDE and INSIDE repectively

IDIOMATIC WITHOUT:

a) How many modern conveniences can you do without?
b) It goes without saying.....(It´s obvious)
c) without fail/ doubt / meaning to (inadvertently)/ reference to (regardless of)

1) STRIGHTFORWARD TRANSLATION From English into Spanish:


In the East there is intimacy without friendship;

In the West there is friendship without intimacy. 

Love without passion/dependence ; 

Virtue without praise; 

Boldness without malice; 

Duty without recognition; 

Existence without suffering:

 Cry without tears; 

Silent patience without despair; 

Studying without motivation;

 Teaching without vocation; 

Preaching without conviction;

 Power without control;

 Faith without devotion; 

Passion without knowledge, 

An earthquake without devastation; 

Mind without prejudice; 

Jokes without fun; 

Me without you; 

Loneliness without a partner;

 Determination without doubt; 

Enjoyment without payment;

 Residence without authorisation;

People without voice; 

Sex without restraint; 

Behave without style; 

Held without bail; 

Enter without paying; 

Disappear without previous warning; 

Marriage without love; 

Problems without solution; 

Sex without love  v. Love without sex?


2) TRANSLATE FROM Spanish into English:

Duelo sin tregua
Ilusiones sin esperanza
Comer sin vergüenza
Reservar sin nombre
Mentir sin rubor
Aprender sin asimilar
Hablar sin ofender
Testarudez sin paliativos
Hablar sin tapujos
Actuar sin complejos.
Pan sin gluten
Estar sin blanca
Pareja sin hijos =childless couple.

3) FALSE FRIENDS: In English CON means to Deceive 
and SIN is a fault, transgression or to trespass ; Conceived without sin means.......?
Name at least ten more false friends:Exs: Actually, Success,...

4) Write a short story on either An ideal holiday without my parents 
or A holiday without alcohol. A holiday with a "false" friend...

5) Gerund after prepositions:

 Can you yawn/sneeze without opening your mouth?
 Can you sneeze without closing your eyes?
 Do you leave a party without saying anything?
 Can you tell a lie without batting an eyelid?
 Can you spend a whole day without having a shower?

6) Finish the following sentences:

I can´t live without........ 

I can do without........... 

It goes without saying..........

If you are without an education.........


7) FILMS:

The film without a paddle was De perdidos al río in Spanish

Can you guess the original title of the following films?:
Sin novedad en el frente
Juan sin Miedo/tierra
Sin tregua
Amor sin fin
Sin noticias de Dios
Sin perdón
Con faldas y a lo loco
La leyenda de la ciudad sin nombre

8) Imagine a world without any kind of religion at all/ frontier/ crime.....

9) Infinitives  without  To : Make & Let
 Exs:.
 They made me do it
He let me drive his car
She would not let me read the letter
They make me feel uncomfortable

Make up two more sentences

10) Finish the following sentences + gerund in any way you like:

She left without............................................................
They ran the marathon without...........................................
We climbed through the window without...............................(Spanish subjunctive)
You need to work without........................................................       "           "
It´s nice to go on holiday without..............................................

11) As a suffix to form adjectives -less meaans  WITHOUT, free from. So explain by using "without" the meaning of the following adjectives:

PAINLESS
PENNILESS
CARELESS
HOMELESS
LIFELESS
COLOURLESS
HELPLESS
LOVELESS
CHILDLESS
AGELESS
PITILESS
REMORSELESS
RESTLESS
MEANINGLESS
POINTLESS
CLUELESS
NAMELESS
GLUTEN FREE

FIND OUT WHICH OF THE ABOVE ADJECTIVES CAN TAKE -FUL AS A SUFFIX TO MEAN THE EXACT OPPOSITE .For instance in English we have "beautiful" but we don´t have "beautiless"

12) Sometimes the prefixes a-, ab-,un- may mean WITHOUT.. Explain the following words by using without:


AMORAL 

UNFURNISHED 

UNACCEPTABLE 

UNAIDED 

UNALTERED 

UNBURIED 

UNCHALLENGED 

UNDISTURBED 

UNFULFILLED

 UNGRATEFUL

UNJUSTIFIABLE 

UNNEEDED 

UNPROFITABLE

UNYIELDING

13) Songs whose title includes WITHOUT  Who were they composed by?:

With or without you ( link  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EzeDqRhM09w)
Without you (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VTDSoUI7LIE)
Without me (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uGAU55vLSdk)
Can´t live without you(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5X4ka1zYDw)
Without your love(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guD1xZbsNGA)

14) Explain the following proverbs:

No gain without pain
Nothing is achieved without effort, suffering or hardship.
You can´t make an omelette without breaking the eggs.
I´d rather have honour without ships than ships without honour.
No smoke without fire.
You can´t have the rainbow without the rain. 

15)  Give an English equivalent to the following Spanish idioms:

Sin ton ni son 
Sin pelos en la lengua 
Sin oficio ni beneficio 
Sin pena ni gloria 
Sin prisas pero sin pausas
 Sin remedio
Sin medida
Sin tapujos

16) This NINE-letter word is still a word in English when EIGHT letters are removed
       one by one. Can you tell me their meanings:

STARTLING  STARTING  STARING   STRING  STING  SING SIN  IN  I

jueves, 1 de diciembre de 2016

December

December marked the tenth month in the Roman calendar; it is the twelfth month of the year nowadays and marks the end of it. As a matter of interest, just see how many of the following important people born in December can you identify?:



1st     WOODY ALLEN 1935

2nd   MARÍA CALLAS 1923

3rd   PAUL NICHOLAS 1945

 4th  THOMAS CARLYLE 1795 RAINER M. RILKE 1875

 5th  CHRISTINA ROSSETTI 1830

 6th  JOSEPH CONRAD  1857

 7th   WILLA CATHER  1873

8th   BJORNSTJERNE BJORNSON 1832

9th   JOHN MILTON  1608

10th  EMILY DICKINSON 1830

 11th ALEKSANDER SOLZHNITSYN 1918

12th  FRANK SINATRA 1915

 13th  HEINRICH HEINE 1797

 14th LEE REMICK 1935

15th  JOHN PAUL GETTY 1892

16th LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN 1770 RAFAEL ALBERTI 1902

 17th JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER 1807 POPE FRANCIS 1936

18th  CHARLES WESLEY  1707

 19th  RALPH RICHARDSON 1902

 20th HARVEY S. FIRESTONE 1868

21st   FRANK ZAPPA  1940

 22nd  JEAN RACINE 1639 

23rd    JOSEPH SMITH 1805

24th    IGNATIUS LOYOLA 1491

25th    ISAAC NEWTON 1648

 26th  THOMAS GRAY  1716

 27th  LOUIS PASTEUR 1822

 28th  MAGGIE SMITH  1934

29th  W.E. GLADSTONE 1809

 30th RUDYARD KIPLING 1865 PATTY SMITH 1946

 31st B.E.MURILLO 1617; JOHN DENVER 1943



 1) Do the same with the remaining eleven months.(11 group projects)Choose your favourite month.
2) Classify the famous people above according to their professions.
3) Try to find at least two"famous"people for each single day.
4) Learn the difference between the Gregorian and the Julian calendars.
5) How many months are there in an arab/muslim/Mohammedan calendar?
6) Find out about the famous people who were born on the same day as you were born.
7) Do the same as above but mentioning the dates of the deaths of famous characters
8) What was the Revolutionary calendar? Mention some new months in that calendar
9) What were the Calends and the Greek calends? and the Ides?
10) Establish the difference between calendar year/ academic year and tax year
11) Etymological origin of the names of each month
12) Which months can also be proper nouns?Ex: April
13) Zodiac signs, horoscopes and chinese year animals. Are you skeptical or do you believe in them?
14) Local festivities and dates. When do they celebrate the fair in     x/ the 3 cultures festival/..?
15) Holidays and Holy days. Name the religious holidays in Spain: Ex: Immaculate Conception
16) Commemorative days From New year January1st to New year´s eve 31st December.List as many       as you can month by month.
17) Which feast days or name days can you remember from the calendar of saints?
18) Which festivities have moving dates? Ex: Thanksgiving, Ash Wednesday,etc..
19) Historical dates. Make up a list of important historical dates such as: 6th December 1978; 20th          November 1975,18th July 1936, 11th September 2001, etc..
20) Time metaphors: Ex: Eight days a week; a grief ago; a month of Sundays/Mondays;until 40th May,etc..
       Make up your own time metaphors.
21) Continue the sequences: ONDJFMA............  
                                               SSMTW...............
                                               FSTFFSS............
                                               ZOTTFF.............
                                               EFFNOSS..........
                                               8 5 4 9 1 7 6.......
                                                QWERTYU.........
                                                 ÑLKJHG............
                                                 CUDTCCSS.......
                                                 CDLM..............
22) Explain TIME OUT; TIME AND AGAIN; TIME AND TIDE; TIME AND ETERNITY;TIMES SQUARE; TIME AFTER TIME; TIMING
23) M_______H. Which words do you know that start with an "m" and end  with an"h"? Aim at 10.
24) Do you keep a diary? Do you have a monthly planner?
25) Establish the relationship between the pagan and the Christmas celebrations: Christmas= Winter solstice; Easter ?  St. John´s night? Autumn? Michaelmas?
26) What  the 12 days of Christmas are supposed to represent:
    1st day a partridge= Jesus
    2nd day two turtle doves= The Old and New Testament
    3rd day  three French hens= Faith, Hope and Charity
    4th day  four caling birds= Four Gospels
    5th day five gold rings= First five books of the O.T.
    6th day six geese a laying=six days of creation
    7th day seven swans= 7 sacraments
    8th day eight maids= eight beatitudes
    9th day nine ladies= nine fruits of the Holy spirit
    10th day ten lords= the ten commandments
    11th day eleven pipers= 11 faithful apostles
     12th day twelve dummers=12 points of doctrine in the Apostle´s creed.

27)Find out about unusual days celebrated in the USA. For instance: Popcorn day;Hugging day; Tell a lie day; Yo Yo day; Blame someone else day; Plan your epitaph day; Kiss and make up day,etc..
28) Which foreign festivities are slowly being celebrated in our culture? Ex: Halloween; Black Friday,etc...
29) Choose a year(any year will do) and write the most relevant events which took place in that particular year.
30) Christmas is.........,......(fun, magic,boring family,etc..) Xmas legends, i.e.:Forest animals can speak in human language on christmas eve!.
31) Define: Yuletide, crackers, mince pies, poinsettia, candy cane, Santa, hamper, mulled wine,
                    fudge, stockings.



martes, 1 de noviembre de 2016

BACKRONYMANIACS

This is a tongue-in-cheek collaborative unit of work. Firstly, I explain to my students what a backronym is;i.e.: a specially constructed phrase that is supposed to be the source of a word, invented either with a serious (mnemonics) or a humorous intent. Secondly,after providing them with some examples I ask them to create a new backronym out of their own invention.
We are dealing with false etymologies. For instance:

ADIDAS: All day I dream about sports

DEAD: Definitely ends another dude

 DENIAL: Don´t even notice I am lying.

 GOLF: Gentlemen, old ladies forbidden 

FIAT: Fix it again today 

FORD: First on race day / Fix or repair daily

SLIP: Sobriety losing its priority 

COMA: Cessation of motor/mental activity. 

POSH: Port out starboard home 

MÁLAGA:Make a little army great again 

COP: Constable on patrol 

BING: But it´s not google. 

NEWS:North, east, west, south 

TIPS: To insure prompt service 

KISS: Knights in Satan´s service / Keep it simple, stupid

FOCUS: Fuck off ´cause ur stupid. 

SHIT: Ship high in transit /Staying here is torturous

SPIC: Spanish, Polish, Italian, Chinese 

FUCK: For unlawful carnal knowledge 

SWAG: Secretly we are gay, stuff we all get; singing with Ariadna Grande(Adrián L.A. 3ºA)

WAG: Wife and girlfriends 

WOG: Wily oriental gentleman; Working on Government service 

VINE: Very imbecile, nerdy exploits. 

M.B.E.: My bloody effort 

LEARN:Let´s end all racism now  

MBA: Mediocre but arrogant 

PIT: Policy Information team; Pupil incluson team; Pool of inactive teachers..

RAP: Retards attempting poetry;Really annoying people; Really awful performance

MARINE: Muscles are required, intelligence non essential 

SNAIL: Slimy nocturnal animal invading lettuce. 

WORMS: Wiggly often resembling mini snakes. 

MONEY: Millions overspent nearly every year. 

ANGEL: Always near giving ethereal loving. 

CRAP: Career review action plan. 

SHAG: Sexual Health Action Group. 

MALTED:Multimedia authority for Language tutors & Educational Development

MILF: Meals/Men I´d like to forget 

GOD: Guaranteed Overnight deliveries

 LIFE: Love ideal friends eternally / Luck Imagination Frenzied Excitement.

PARSNIPS: Politics,Alcohol, Religion, Sex, Narcotics,Isms, Pork, Spain  

(topics to avoid)

AAAAA: American association against acronym abuse.


HERE´S WHAT MY STUDENTS CAME UP WITH:


HOME: Hell of my existence (Pablo Cereto 2ºBach.A)

 MATHs: Mental abuse towards humans (Natasha O´Keefe 3º ESO A)

STUDENT: Subjected to ultimate despair endless new traumas(A.B.C.)

HISTORY: Honestly I Study Texts or Read Yours (C.G.W.)  

TEACHER: Tutor, educator, advisor, counsellor, hero(ine), experimental,reliable.

YANKEES:You are not knowledgeable, elementary educated simpletons (M.B.L.)

ENGLISH: Every new grammar linguistic item´s suspiciously horrendous(L.P.F.)

BILINGUAL:But I learned interestingly nothing greatly unusual about languages

TRUMP: 

This ruler´s unwillingly my President;

 This rascal´s unwittingly M.P. 

Tears running under my presence (L.M.H.M.)

 Torment rooster under mounting pressure;

Tyrants reunited under Moses Prophet;

 Tyrannosaurus Rex Ultimate Media Product;

 The Real Universal Messiah, Phoney!;

 Today aRe yoU More Pooped?;

 The Rightist Unknown Machista Premier; 

Truth rarely uses mean passions;

Totalitarian regime unveils mysterious priority.....







SPELLING APPLICATION: MNEMONICS:

COLOURFUL
OUTRAGEOUS
MAKING us laugh
IN the papers

CREATIVE
SUNDAY funnies
(Create other acrostics as you please)

Which words are expressed by the following spellings or numbers?:


I B B4?B9?B6?B10? C 1 2 4 8 K9? O P Q R T U Y ?


What do the following frequently used acronyms mean?

FAQ´s; NIMBY; WYSIWYG; ASAP; TARDIS

My mnemonic way of checking whether all students are present:

L A N A D I A C L A Y ( Lucy,Alvaro, Noemi, Adonais; Daniel, Irene, Andrea, Chloe,Lidia, Aynara
 y Yaitza). C L A M I D I A (Carlota, Lorenzo, Antonio, Martin, Isabel, David, Ignacio, Amelia)...
C L A N G E M J E W E L (Carlos, Luis, Angela, Nicolás, Gloria, Elizabeth, Miguel, José, Eva, Warren, Elena, León)


domingo, 2 de octubre de 2016

On "new" FEELINGS and emotions..

This unit started as simple practice of feelings vocabulary. I registered the students´feelings when learning a new language from frustration to fluency. Then I learned from Tiffany Watt Smith´s The book of human emotions that there were hundreds of different emotions in various cultures:
RINGXIETY:Anxiety caused by expecting a phone call
HAN:Collective acceptance of suffering combined with a silent wish for things to change
DEPAYSMENT: lack of orientation in foreign places
AWUMBUK: a feeling of emptiness left by guests when they have to leave
HEIMAT: Deep-rooted fondness towards a place to which one has a strong feeling of belonging(German)
TOSKA: Insatiable longing (Russian)
KAUKOKAIPUU: homesickness felt for a place one has never been(Finnish)
YAGÁN: a look between people that expresses unspoken but mutual desire
QUEESTING: to allow a lover access to one´s bed for chit-chat
DADIRRI: a deep spiritual act of reflective and respectful listening(Australian aboriginal)
FENG YUN:personal charm and graceful bearing (Mandarin Chinese)
ILUNGA: being ready to Forgive a first time, to Tolerate a second time, but never a third time.
MBUKI-MVUKI:to shed clothes to dance uninhibited (Bantu)
NGINYIWARRARRINGU: A sudden spasm of alarm that makes people leap to their feet and look about trying to see what caused it.
These examples  come from Tim Lomas´ Positive Lexicography Project and the International Positive Psychology Association, which shows us the cultural nuances and the different shades of meaning of different feelings. Compare the concept of nirvana in Sanskrit to the  joie de vivre or the bon vivant in French.


So let´s plunge into the different standardized feelings:



Thankful appreciative grateful gratified indebted obliged relieved

Thoughtful challenged curious illuminated informed interested pensive reflective deliberative 
meditative ruminative 
Unthinking, thoughtless, heedless, careless, disregardful

Angry aggravated annoyebrooding defiant disgusted enraged exasperated frustrated furious hateful hostile indignant infuriated mad obstinate outraged perturbed peeved pissed off rebellious seething spiteful surly upset vengeful cheesed off about sth


Ashamed apologetic embarrassed foolish guilty humble idiotic mortified regretful remorseful shameful worthless


Confident  hopeful inspired keen optimistic powerful productive stronsure trusting

 

 capable centered eager energetic focused grounded serene peaceful self-confident assured poised




Happy amused cheerful delighted ecstatic elated excited exuberant gleeful high gay merry blithe

joyful mischievouover the moon placid untroubled

Satisfied adequate content mellow peaceful pleased

Healthy, hearty, robust, vigorous, sound

 Friendly sociable, gregarious amicable, affable, chummy, congenial  neighbourly



Confused baffled befuddled bewitched bewildered disoriented flustered perplexed puzzled scattered troubled unfocused


Sad despondent depressed dismal low melancholy miserablunhappy weepy

Loving affectionate aroused caring devoted intimate tender warm lively, alive, vibrant, vivacious,energetic, spirited, feisty, spry, perky, effervescent, bubbly,pert

Hurt abandoned abused attacked belittled bitter cheated  disappointed dismayed disheartened

grieving gypped humiliated mournful sorrowful rejected resentful crestfallen crushed dejected


Scared afraid alarmed fearful frightened horrified hysterical insecure intimidated nervous panicky petrified terrified threatened vulnerable


Uncertain cynical doubtful dubious distrustful hesitant indecisive pessimistic skeptical suspicious

Uncomfortable unsure unsettled shy timid sheepish mousy reticent reluctant uneasy jittery nervous

irritable edgy, touchy,testy, tetchy. fractious


Uncaring ambivalent apathetic borebusy detached exhausted indifferent lethargilazy
tired unmotivated nonchalant occupied selfish unconcerned

 Wanting empty envious homesick hungry ignored jealous lonely longing lustful


Weak inadequate burdened controlled despairing discouraged helpless hopeless impotent inhibited
lost passive powerless restricted suicidal


Worried agitated anxious bothered restless tense uneasy cross unsettled

Surprised aghast amazed astonished astounded incredulous shocked startled


A)


HOW DO YOU FEEL Today?
A feeling for every single day of the year

I feel sleepy/weepy...

B) Find the connection/interdependence between MIND & BODY and EMOTIONS & FEELINGS

C) Describe the basic feelings shown in emoticons or emojis

D) OVER & UN/UNDER . FUL/LESS Which adjectives can be modified by these particles to enhance or minimize the feelings?EX: overjoyed,undesired, underachiever, undervalued, joyful, affectless...

E) Contrast people´s values. Which country am I referring to when I quote?:

 In the South people are fiery, indolent,passionate, unsteady, independent,zealous, generous, candid.

.In the North they are cool, sober, laborious, persevering,interested, hypocritical in their religion.

(From Thomas Jefferson´s biography Restlessness and Torment)

F) Feel as much as you can; live life to the full .You´ll be a long, long time dead. On a single day you can run the whole gamut of human feelings from indignation to rejection, from being playful and funny to being sulky or brooding..


G ) State 3 situations which make you feel sad/happy/disgusted/angry/surprised/frightened

H) Subjectively give a colour to any emotion: Is Sadness black, blue or grey?

    Happiness is.............   Anger is.............  Fear is............... Surprise is.....................

I)  Seasons;ages and emotions: Which is the season of innocence/maturity/decay?

J) Find out about the urban tribe called "emos" What are their characteristics?

K) Check lexicalized metaphors and poetic language to describe feelings:  Ex: a heart of stone/glass/gold

Give two more examples

L) FEEL TERRIBLE versus FEEL TERRIFIC Beware of false friends and try to find the opposite of the following feelings:

 indignant, exhausted, curious, lonely, hysterical, special. combative, indecisive, guilty,hateful,withdrawn, grumpy,generous,.....

M) Educating your emotions: How many different types of tears/blush do you know? Ex: Tears of joy/pain/anger/frustration/ crocodile/clown/ combotears......

N) In the famous song "Feelings" by Morris Albert give a name to the different feelings expressed in it.

    Do the same with The Bee Gee´s Emotion and Maria Carey´s Emotions

Ñ) Draw a funny face to see if the others agree with the feeling you tried to convey. 

O) I feel v. I feel like   Verbs followed by bare infinitive or-ing form:

 I felt the car stop; I felt the car losing speed

I feel that they will be happy living together; I feel that Barça should win.
 Give other examples using both feel and feel like:

P) Read about Daniel Goleman´s seminal book Emotional Intelligence and  Peter Salovey. Rafael Bisquerra and Oliver Sacks have written on the neurology of emotions. Find some other psychologists who have written about this topic.

Q) Food and emotions. There is a close connection between your daily intake and your feelings about food and even life itself

Finish off sentences like :  Lentils make me feel..............
                                          Steak and kidney pie makes me feel..............
                                          Pork makes me feel.....................
                                          French cuisine makes me................
                                          Deer meat/Venison makes me

R) Road Rage is very common: Could you explain why people change their personalities when they are at the wheel?

S) Combat negative emotions and NEGATIVE people: Avoid anxiety, stressors, weariness, loneliness, tension, hatred, envy, fear, grief, dejection,depression, despair, the vanity of egos and emptiness...

T)  In the Middle Ages people believed in the strong connection between MOODS and the natural elements: Fire, Earth, Wind, Air...Study the different Humours of long ago. Check how the different natural phenomena may affect our moods: WIND, PERSISTENT DROUGHT/ RAIN, HURRICANES/TYPHOONS, .....


U) Music and emotions

Traditionally music has been regarded as the food of love, it has charms to soothe a savage breast, it brings people together and sets us free. It is a platitude to state that music makes us smarter, happier and more productive. This romantic idealization of music persists as it holds incredible power to move us; it is the doorway to the infinitude of the human soul and expresses humanity´s collectve longing for freedom and brotherhoood. The therapeutic use of music has been widely researched but the opposite may be true. THERE IS MUSICAL TORTURE NOWADAYS Yelling, loud music and light control creates FEAR; Disorientation,Violence....Indeed , there are strong links between music and violence: Remember Hitler´s cultural triumphalism after listemning to Wagner´s music, the musical torture the P.O.W.´s suffered at Guantanamo or Irak.

Mention some songs/groups/type of music which can trigger violent instincts. For example: AC/DC; Metallica,Eminem,Extremoduro,Siniestro Total, Molotov, Grupo Marrano,etc... Hard rock,heavy metal, rap, punk, hip hop or bachata can be toxic for your emotional well-being.

V) ANIMALS and EMOTIONS 

  Which emotional qualities would you associate with a bat, a dolphin, a horse, a parrot, a spider, a whale, an elephant, a turtle,  a toad, a frog, a worm, a wasp, a panda, etc..?

Which emotion is symbolised by  these animals?:

ELEPHANTS= Emotional Intelligence
MULES=
GORILLAS=
SWANS=
CHIMPANZEES=
KOALAS=
PANDAS=
...........

W)
No truly democratic society can exist without the cultivation of certain emotions that teach  people to enter empathetically into other people´s lives.
 We have to analyse the structure of emotions: how we may even harbour aggressiveness towards the people we are supposed to love.(Inspired by The New YorkerJuly 25th 2016  Martha Nussbaum´s philosophy of emotions)

Comment and debate the following topics:

ANGER CONTROL. Is there justified anger?
Towards emotional refinement and aesthetic education
Creative guilt
Admission of our essential vulnerability and the ability to accept our own fragility and needs
Anti Disgust attitudes
Preparation for the surprises of life
Foster more emotional expressiveness in emotionally barren environments

X) Learn about bipolar and OC disorders and how the emotions disease may affect your overall health.
 Is there an epidemic of anger, intolerance, xenophobia, hatred,  gluttony, desperation...nowadays?

Y)Can we ever really know what anyone is truly feeling?

Z) How do you evolve from HATRED to REMORSE; from ANGER to KINDNESS; from REVENGE to SELF-CONTROL or from RESENTFULNESS to THANKFULNESS?